Episode 021 Show Notes
WOW..What an episode!! In our twenty-first episode the BLEEP button gets a workout as the guys discuss the Presidential debates; over the top political correctness (You won't believe how far some people take it); and of course, failed green energy initiatives. They also cover the Thirteenth Amendment of the US Constitution. Prep School was pre-empted to allow more time for election discussion. One of our more amusing episodes to date!
Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction.
Congress shall have power to enforce this article by appropriate legislation.
- Passed by Congress January 31, 1865. Ratified December 6, 1865.
- Missouri Compromise --Prohibited slavery in the former Louisiana Territory north of the parallel 36°30′ north except within the boundaries of the proposed state of Missouri.
Dred Scott v Sanford (60 U.S. 393 -- 1857)
- In March of 1857, the United States Supreme Court, led by Chief Justice Roger B. Taney, declared that all blacks -- slaves as well as free -- were not and could never become citizens of the United States. The court also declared the 1820 Missouri Compromise unconstitutional, thus permiting slavery in all of the country's territories.
- The case before the court was that of Dred Scott v. Sanford. Dred Scott, a slave who had lived in the free state of Illinois and the free territory of Wisconsin before moving back to the slave state of Missouri, had appealed to the Supreme Court in hopes of being granted his freedom. (http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4h2933.html)
- Scott v Sandford invited slave owners to pour into the territories and pass pro-slavery constitutions. The decision made the Civil War inevitable. Chief Justice Roger Taney, writing for the majority in Scott, also concluded that people of African ancestry (whether free or a slave, including Scott) could never become "citizens" within the meaning of the Constitution, and hence lacked the ability to bring suit in federal court. (http://law2.umkc.edu/faculty/projects/ftrials/conlaw/thirteenthamendment.html)